T.K.S. Rao
Assistant Professor, Deptt. of LPM, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Navsari, Agricultural University, Gujarat
K.R. Sriranga
M.V. Sc. Scholar, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Navsari Agricultural University
A.D. Verma
Assistant Professor, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat
D.C. Moliya
Veterinary Officer Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, Gujarat


Practice of rearing calf independent of mother is weaning. Weaning surmounts problems like over and underfeeding of milk, udder-teat injury and unclean milk. Two stages weaning (nose flap/ fence line) are superior over traditional weaning. Weaning divided into different categories: batch, pasture, corral/feedlot and late type. Weaning in corral requires feed bunk along the fence to minimize peripheral walking and increase attraction to food-water. In late weaning weakening cow-calf bond utilized. Dam separated from calf rather vice-versa. Castration, dehorning, de-worming should be earlier to avoid additional stress during weaning. Good shelter, minerals and high fiber prepares calf to fight weaning-stress.

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